Tag: ADHD

ADD and ADHD Self Test

ADD/HD Screening Instructions: Listed below are items concerning behaviors or problems sometimes experienced by adults. Read each item carefully and decide how much or how frequently each item describes your recently. Indicate your response for each item by circling the number that corresponds to your choices. Use the following scale: 0 = Not at all, never; 1 = Just a little, once in a while; 2 = Pretty much, often; and 3 = Very much, very frequently. Download the ADD/HD Screening Test as a PDF…

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Whole Psychiatry & ADD / ADHD

ADD and ADHD are now such common diagnoses that one has to wonder what is going on. Are we diagnosing it more because we are looking for it more? Is it being over- diagnosed? Are other learning disabilities being lumped in to the ADD/ADHD basket? Are there non-medicinal causes of ADD/ADHD, that have increased in Western Society? Let’s look at these issues, from a Whole Psychiatry perspective, in this section. First, there is some controversy over whether or not it is actually a bona fide…

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ADD and ADHD Medications

While there are really only three main types of medications for ADD and ADHD, there is a nearly dizzying array of options. The main questions to consider are: Whether one is going to use methylphenidate (which prevents re-uptake of norepinephrine and dopamine at the synapse) or dextroamphetamine (which prevents re-uptake of norepinephrine and dopamine at the synapse but also may increase release of these neurotransmitters into the synapse, and therefore may have a greater effect) What duration of action one needs (e.g. immediate release with…

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ADD and ADHD Symptoms

The symptoms fall into three areas. These subcategories distinguish the attention deficit from the hyperactivity/ impulsivity, as well as the combined type. The attention deficit is essentially manifested by symptoms of easy distractibility, difficulty sustaining attention, avoidance of tasks requiring sustained mental effort, tendency to make careless errors, difficulty listening to people, as well as disorganization factors, such as forgetfulness. The hyperactivity/impulsivity is manifested by excessive activity (as if driven by a “motor”), increased speech, fidgetiness and difficulty sitting still or waiting in line, as…

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Causes of ADD and ADHD

The most common mimics of attention disorders in adults are anxiety disorders and mood disorders, and these must be carefully ruled out to make the diagnosis. The list of other mimics includes nutritional deficiencies, kryptopyroluria, eczema, mental retardation, schizophrenia, learning disabilities, developmental disorders, lead poisoning, thyroid hormone dysregulation, seizure disorders, sleep apnea, Lyme disease, multiple sclerosis, and head trauma. Thorough evaluation is necessary to assess the possibility that one of these disorders is primarily responsible for an attention disturbance. Common comorbid disorders, such as conduct…

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Attention Deficit Disorder

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is a concept that has been around for many years under different names (attention-deficit disorder with and without hyperactivity, minimal brain dysfunction, hyperkinetic disorder). There are three myths about ADHD that make diagnosis confusing. First, is the myth that a positive clinical response to stimulants confirms the diagnosis. In fact, stimulants can improve the ability to focus in both ADHD and normal people. Second, is the myth that ADHD will be outgrown, and therefore it is a disorder of childhood. In fact, it…

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